Surgery may be required in one or both eyes.
Strabismus surgery is performed under general anaesthesia in children;
in adults it can be performed under local anaesthesia.
In some cases eyeglasses may be prescribed
In others, surgery is the option involving either removal of cataract or correction of unbalanced muscles.
Patching the strong eye and exercising the weaker eye is also a part of strabismus treatment.
A small incision on the tissue covering the eye is made.
(The eye is not removed from its socket)
Muscles are repositioned during the surgery.
For children it is advisable to opt the surgery before they start schooling.
As with any surgery, eye muscle surgery has some risks. These include infection, bleeding, excessive scarring and other rare complications that can lead to loss of vision.
But generally, it is considered a safe surgery. Recovery after surgery is fast. Usually people resume routine activities in a few days. After surgery glasses or prisms may be required. Strabismus surgery is a safe option for mis aligned eyes. But it is not a substitute for glasses or amblyopia therapy.
Source: This material has been sourced from Rajan Eye Care, Chennai.