Announced by the United Nations Organisation to help member countries focus their attention on aspects of health.
The first road accident involving an automobile happened in 1896 and at the following
inquest the coroner said that such a thing should never happen again. Today
1.2 million men, women and children around the world each year lose their lives
to road accidents.
This was reason enough for the World Health Organisation to make Road Safety a focus issue
on World Health Day 2004, which falls on 7 April. Speeding, drunken driving, Poor visibility and lack of
preventive care have all been identified as important factors that step up the
rate of road fatalities.
More on Water
On Earth Day 2003, Earth Day Network will launch a two-year campaign highlighting critical water access, health, and usage issues.
The theme for Earth Day 2002 was Protect Our Home. “Ours is a beautiful and fragile planet, and it is under threat. We have only one planet and we must work together to protect it,” says the Earthday Network.
The Earth Day Network helps initiate action on many fronts:
Creating Awareness, Assessing damage, Cleaning up operations, Motivating political will and more.
What is your ecological footprint? Ecological Footprint is the amount of space and other earth resources you use and its relation to the amount available per person on an average. Currently humanity’s ecological footprint is 30 times more than the earth can afford.
While all environmental issues have an impact on health, pollution has the most direct impact.
Industrial pollution, urban sewage, and even agricultural run-off have spoiled the sources of water. Water transport, power fishing, development of human habitat and resorts along the coastlines have degraded coasts. Oil and other toxins poison marine animals. Animal eggs are especially vulnerable to pollutants, leading to birth defects or destruction of the eggs altogether.
Chemical run-off into the oceans also causes algal blooms that block the sun's rays, killing organisms beneath the ocean's surface that cannot survive without light.
Pollutants from transport exhaust such as nitrogen oxides, sulfates, ozone, and acid aerosols have been found to be positively associated with mortality, cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, asthma hospitalizations, and reduced lung function, while increasing congestion has led to increased travel times, stress, noise, and loss of productive time.
Many organisations and cities have a “ Car Free Day” to highlight this and catalyse the quest for alternate modes of transport.
A US Senator, Gaylord Nelson, proposed the first nationwide environmental protest. He wanted to “shake up the establishment” and get environment issues to figure on the US National Agenda.
On April 22,1970 20 million Americans took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment. Denis Hayes, the national coordinator, and his youthful staff organized massive coast-to-coast rallies.
In 1990 Earth Day went global, mobilising 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues on to the world stage. After that, each year April 22 is observed as Earth Day.
For more on environmental issues view: www.earthday.net