Homosexuality is a form of sexual behaviour in which a person shows an emotional and physical attachment for members of his own sex. It is present both in males and females. In the latter, it is called Lesbianism.
Homosexuality was being practised widely in some ancient civilisations and it was accepted as a normal form of sexual behaviour. But in many societies homosexuality came to be considered abnormal. People thought it was neurotic behaviour. Therefore, homosexuals are under considerable emotional stress. And this affects their attitudes towards society at large. After extensive research into this type of behaviour it was realised that neuroses has nothing to do with homosexuality. Hence in 1978, the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from the list of approved neuroses.
What makes a person homosexual? Nobody knows. There are many theories like genetic theory, hormonal theory, psychoanalytical theory and peer influenced theory, but none has been proved beyond doubt. However, the most widely accepted and convincing theory about homosexuality today is that, all people have a potential for homosexuality and that certain experiences in childhood or adolescence within the family, have the effect of reinforcing this natural potential.
Homosexuals are perfectly normal physically and mentally. In fact, many great scientists, artists and litterateurs have been and are homosexuals.
Homosexuality is not linked with criminality. Homosexuals may make mistakes or commit crimes just as much as anybody else. Only a few homosexuals wear clothes of the opposite sex and behave accordingly. This type of behaviour is called transvestism.
Many homosexuals are well adjusted socially. Some, however, may suffer from a feeling of persecution and insecurity. Because of the attitude of the society in general, they feel that something is wrong with them and that they are abnormal. Those who consider themselves abnormal feel unfriendly to others and lead a lonely life with severe emotional problems. Homosexuals who do not feel that they are abnormal should be left alone. They do not require any advice. But those who are too depressed and suffer from anxiety and shame require help. Psychotherapists and sex therapists can help them to cope with the society at large.
A homosexual experience means a deep emotional attachment to a person of the same sex, in people who can normally feel attracted towards the opposite sex. Often the sexual impulses lead them simply to a deep comradeship. At times, it may take the form of homosexual activity. For most people these emotions represent merely a temporary substitute for relationship with the opposite sex. They are not at all homosexuals.
Teenagers in particular may feel a strong attachment for a friend or an adult of the same sex whom they admire and love. This attachment may sometime lead to sexual interaction. But this is not homosexuality. This is merely a homosexual experience. Nobody need suffer from any anxiety with regard to this. True homosexuality is an entirely different thing. In this, the concerned person is unable to have sexual relations with the members of the opposite sex. They can have sex exclusively with members of their sex.
Some people engage in sexual relationship with people of their own sex as well as with those of the opposite sex. These people are called bisexuals.